The final text of the treaty had to be adopted by mutual agreement in accordance with the internal rules of the conference, agreed by the preparatory committee. At the first conference, both Russia and the United States stated that they were not prepared to adopt the draft text of Argentine President Roberto Garcia Moritén. As a result, the General Assembly convened the closing conference at which general approval, including by Russia and the United States, focused on the draft text developed by Australian President Peter Woolcott. However, on the last day of the last UN conference (28 March 2013), Syria, Iran and the Democratic People`s Republic of Korea (DPRK) blocked the adoption of the treaty by consensus. As a result, a draft resolution was submitted to the General Assembly on 1 April 2013 for adoption of the treaty. The resolution was approved by 64 UN member states, including the United States. The ATT was therefore adopted by the UN General Assembly on 2 April 2013 by 154 votes in and only 3 votes against (DPRK, Iran and Syria) and 23 abstentions. To date, the Treaty has 130 signatories and 101 States Parties. For the individual positions of each UN member state on these and other small arms initiatives, for votes cast, signed agreements and national reports submitted to the UN, first consult the country in the left column, then open the section “International Controls”.
The treaty was negotiated from 2 to 27 July 2012 at a UN-sponsored global conference in New York.  As it was not possible to reach agreement on a final text at that time, a new meeting was scheduled for the conference from 18 to 28 March 2013.  On 2 April 2013, the UN General Assembly adopted the ATT.   “The United Nations has not seen success in negotiating a multilateral arms control agreement since the 1990s. The adoption of the treaty by an overwhelming majority of states at the UN General Assembly is a great achievement for the United Nations and for multilateralism. If the regular Conference of States Parties to the Treaty is a confession, it will underline that the debate and control of the international arms trade has firmly found a place on the multilateral agenda. (Introduction to the book Arms and International Law: The Arms Trade Treaty, 2015) After years of informal discussions and increasing pressure from civil society, UN Schwaden has launched a process to negotiate the world`s first international agreement regulating the legal arms trade and thus to fill this important gap in international law. This process has been long and complicated, as has most multilateral processes at United Nations N.
It included, in 2008, the creation of a group of government experts (GGE) to examine the feasibility, scope and design of parameters for a comprehensive and legally binding instrument establishing common international standards for the importation, export and transfer of conventional weapons. In 2009, a full-time Working Group of the General Assembly was established to review the GEGE report and the recommendation of an international instrument in this area.