Since then, the proposals have been thoroughly reviewed by the Council and the European Parliament and these two institutions reached agreement on the final texts in July 2003. Overall, the final texts retain the main features of the Commission`s initial proposals. The new regulations are expected to be published in the Official Journal in the fall of this year and will come into effect shortly thereafter. The UNEP Cartagena Biosecurity Protocol of the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted on 29 January 2000. The overall aim of this UN convention is to set common rules for cross-border GMO movements to ensure the protection of biodiversity and human health around the world. At the same time, a Commission regulation establishing a protocol for sampling and controlling batches of non-genetically modified varieties for the presence of genetically modified seeds sets out how seed tests should be carried out for the application of the requirements set out in the Commission`s aforementioned directive. Differences and overlaps between national laws, regulations and regulations on the traceability of GMOs and food and feed from GMOs can impede the free movement of products and create conditions of unfair competition. Therefore, a Community regulation based on the requirements of Directive 2001/18/EC and the definition of a harmonised framework for the traceability of these products has been provided in order to guarantee legal certainty and a coherent approach, thus contributing to the proper functioning of the internal market. . The accidental or accidental presence of GM material in products marketed in the European Union is largely unavoidable and can occur during cultivation, handling, storage and transport. This situation already exists and concerns products originating both from the Community and from third countries.
The new regulation applies to all GMOs that have been granted EU marketing authorisation, i.e. all products, including food and feed, that contain or are derived from GMOs. For example, genetically modified seeds, bulk quantities or transport of genetically modified cereals, such. B than soybeans and corn. Under the 2001/18/EC Directive, a company wishing to put a GMO on the market must first apply to the competent national authority of the Member State in which the product is to be put on the market for the first time. What are the rules for medicines, protection of workers and transport products of 16 GMOs that can be legally marketed in the EU? That`s right. The European Food Safety Authority will be responsible for the scientific risk assessment, which includes both environmental risk and the assessment of human and animal health.