The Paris Agreement, adopted by all parties to the UNFCCC in December 2015, is the first universal and legally binding global climate agreement. The EU and its member states are participating in international efforts to combat climate change under the UN Convention on Climate Change. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC), adopted in 1992, is the largest international treaty to combat climate change. Its objective is to prevent dangerous human intervention in the global climate system. Subsidiary bodiesThis prepare the decisions of the COP and the CMP. The meetings are held annually in June at the annual COP/CMP and the Bonn climate change conference. The protocol has been ratified by 192 parties to the UNFCCC, including the EU and its member states. However, because many large emitters are not part of Kyoto, it covers only about 12% of global emissions. The EU and all its member states are among the 197 parties to the convention. Conferences of the Parties (COP)The UNFCCC`s supreme decision-making body is the Annual Conference of the Parties (COP). All parties to the convention can participate.
Representatives of companies, international organizations, interest groups and associations have observer status. The EU and its Member States are actively involved in international for a whose decisions or recommendations are directly or indirectly taken into account in the UN process. These include meetings of the parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP) The Kyoto supreme decision-making body is the COP, which serves as a meeting of the parties to the Kyoto Protocol (CMP). All parties to this protocol are represented. Governments that are not contracting parties participate as observers. Before 2020, the world`s only legally binding instrument to reduce greenhouse gas emissions is the 1997 Kyoto Protocol.